What is a lens in literature?
A critical lens is a way of looking at a particular work of literature by focusing on style choices, plot devices, and character interactions and how they show a certain theme (the lens in question). It is a common literary analysis technique.
What is the goal of source criticism?
The ultimate aim of these scholars was to reconstruct the history of the biblical text, as well as the religious history of ancient Israel. Related to source criticism is redaction criticism which seeks to determine how and why the redactor (editor) put the sources together the way he did.
What is canonical exegesis?
Canonical criticism involves “paying attention to the present form of the text in determining its meaning for the believing community.” According to James Barr, it involves concentrating authority “in the canonical text, and not in the people or events out of which that text came.” Brevard Childs says that the canon ” …
What is mimetic analysis?
Mimesis, or imitation (imitatio), was a widely used rhetorical tool in antiquity up until the 18th century’s romantic emphasis on originality. Mimesis criticism looks to identify intertextual relationships between two texts that go beyond simple echoes, allusions, citations, or redactions.
What literary devices are used in the Bible?
Below are the different types of literary devices used in Scripture:
- simile. A comparison of two items using a connective such as like, as, etc.; i.e., X is like Y.
- metaphor. A direct comparison of two items, or X=Y.
What does Hamartia mean?
Which school of criticism focuses on story elements?
Narrative criticism focuses on the stories a speaker or a writer tells to understand how they help us make meaning out of our daily human experiences. Narrative theory is a means by which we can comprehend how we impose order on our experiences and actions by giving them a narrative form.
What are the schools of literary criticism?
Broad schools of theory that have historically been important include historical and biographical criticism, New Criticism, formalism, Russian formalism, and structuralism, post-structuralism, Marxism, feminism and French feminism, post-colonialism, new historicism, deconstruction, reader-response criticism, and …
What is biblical literature?
Biblical literature, four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha. …
What is biblical literary criticism?
The term “biblical criticism” refers to the process of establishing the plain meaning of biblical texts and of assessing their historical accuracy. Biblical criticism is also known as higher criticism (as opposed to “lower” textual criticism), historical criticism, and the historical-critical method.
How does Aristotle define mimesis?
Mimesis, basic theoretical principle in the creation of art. The word is Greek and means “imitation” (though in the sense of “re-presentation” rather than of “copying”). Aristotle, speaking of tragedy, stressed the point that it was an “imitation of an action”—that of a man falling from a higher to a lower estate.
What is the purpose of narrative criticism?
Narrative criticism focuses on stories in biblical literature and attempts to read these stories with insights drawn from the secular field of modern literary criticism. The goal is to determine the effects that the stories are expected to have on their audience.
What is mimesis in psychology?
René Girard has suggested that psychological mimesis — that is, the unwitting imitation of the attitudes and desires of others — is the basis of a victimizing mechanism that is in turn the basis of humanity as we now know it, having served not only to ground group formation but also to generate signification and …
What is Girard’s theory of scapegoating?
Mimetic theory posits that mimetic desire leads to natural rivalry and eventually to scapegoating, which Girard called the scapegoat mechanism. In his study of history, Girard formed the hypothesis that societies unify their imitative desires around the destruction of a collectively agreed-upon scapegoat.
What is a biblical analysis?
A Bible commentary is a written, systematic series of explanations and interpretations of Scripture. Commentaries often analyze or expound on individual books of the Bible, chapter by chapter and verse by verse. Some commentary works provide analysis of the whole of Scripture.
What is lit analysis?
Literary analysis means closely studying a text, interpreting its meanings, and exploring why the author made certain choices. It can be applied to novels, short stories, plays, poems, or any other form of literary writing. A main body, divided into paragraphs, that builds an argument using evidence from the text.
What is the purpose of form criticism?
Form criticism, a method of biblical criticism that seeks to classify units of scripture into literary patterns (such as love poems, parables, sayings, elegies, legends) and that attempts to trace each type to its period of oral transmission.