What causes abscess after intramuscular injection?

What causes abscess after intramuscular injection?

Injection abscess following IM injection has been reported by various authors. Most cases are due to Staphylococcus aureus either as methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (2).

How do you treat a sterile abscess?

Medical Treatment

  1. The area around the abscess will be numbed with medication.
  2. The area will be covered with an antiseptic solution and sterile towels placed around it.
  3. The doctor will cut open the abscess and totally drain it of pus and debris.

How are intramuscular abscesses treated?

Management involves incision, drainage, packing, and appropriate wound care. A course of antibiotics may be utilized when infection is severe and to minimize recurrence of the abscess or spread of infection to adjacent tissue.

What causes intramuscular abscess?

There is a multitude of predisposing risk factors to developing an intramuscular abscess formation, which includes immunodeficiency, trauma, injection drug use, concurrent infection, and malnutrition. The most significant risk factor in our cases was poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus.

What is a sterile abscess?

Some abscesses are caused by an irritant like an injected medication that was not completely absorbed. Since they’re not caused by infection, these kinds of abscesses are called “sterile” abscesses. Sterile abscesses aren’t as common as infected abscesses, but they can happen on occasion.

What does an infection at the injection site look like?

This may look a few different ways, the flesh around the site of infection will be very red, swollen, with severe pain, and possible fever. . Over the course of days the skin can turn from red-purple to blue-gray and the skin could break down within 3-5 days.

How do you know if injection site is infected?

Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these:

  1. Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed.
  2. Severe pain at the injection site.
  3. Blistering at the injection site.
  4. Muscle aches.
  5. Upset stomach (nausea), headache, or dizziness.
  6. Skin rash, severe itching, or hives.
  7. Swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat.