What functional groups are involved?

What functional groups are involved?

Functional groups include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl.

What do all functional groups have in common?

Functional group: A group of atoms whose bonding is the same from molecule to molecule. A functional group has similar behavior regardless of the molecule that contains it, so molecules with identical functional groups tend to have similar chemical and physical properties.

What are functional groups responsible for?

chemical reactions
In organic chemistry, a functional group is a specific group of atoms or bonds within a compound that is responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of that compound. The same functional group will behave in a similar fashion, by undergoing similar reactions, regardless of the compound of which it is a part.

What are functional groups What are some examples of common functional groups?

Functional groups are specific groupings of atoms within molecules that have their own characteristic properties, regardless of the other atoms present in a molecule. Common examples are alcohols, amines, carboxylic acids, ketones, and ethers.

Is phosphate functional group polar?

The polyatomic ion phosphate is non-polar due to its symmetrical, tetrahedral shape and even distribution of charges.

Is COOH acid or base?

The carboxylic acids are acidic in nature because hydrogen belongs in the -COOH group.

What are functional groups?

Functional GroupsFunctional Groups Functional ggproup- collection of atoms at a site within a molecule with a common bonding pattern The group reacts in a typical way, generally independent of the rest of the moleculeindependent of the rest of the molecule

What are the functional groups with a carbon atom and halogen?

Haloalkanes Haloalkanes, or alkyl halides, are the functional groups which contain a bond between a carbon atom and a halogen. The suffix used to denote a halogen is the ‘halide’. The carbon-halogen bond varies in strength and stability based on the halogen.

What are some uncommon functional groups with complex compositions?

Many uncommon groups with complex compositions such as acetal groups (RCH (OR’) (OR’’), or ketal groups RC (OR’) (OR”)R”. Nitrogen-Containing Functional Groups The substituent groups that contain nitrogen may also contain carbon-oxygen bonds.

How do functional groups react with compounds?

The group reacts in a typical way, generally independent of the rest of the moleculeindependent of the rest of the molecule For example, the double bonds in simple and complex alkenes react with bromine in the same way (See Figure 3 1)(See Figure 3.1) Types of Functional Groups: Multiple Carbon–Carbdbon Bonds