What is a biometric passport?
A biometric passport (also known as an e-passport or a digital passport) is a traditional passport that has an embedded electronic microprocessor chip which contains biometric information that can be used to authenticate the identity of the passport holder.
How does biometric enrolment work in Norway?
In 2007 the Norwegian government launched a ‘multi-modal’ biometric enrolment system supplied by Motorola. Motorola’s new system enabled multiple public agencies to digitally capture and store fingerprints, 2D facial images and signatures for passports and visas.
How is biometric data stored on contactless passports?
To store biometric data on the contactless chip, it includes a minimum of 32 kilobytes of EEPROM storage memory, and runs on an interface in accordance with the ISO/IEC 14443 international standard, amongst others. These standards intend interoperability between different countries and different manufacturers of passport books.
What is the response time for the biometric passport?
The biometric passport has been tested with passport readers abroad and is noted to have a 4-second response time – less than half that of a US Passport (10 seconds).
Which biometric documents are ICAO9303 compliant?
Some national identity cards, such as those from the Netherlands, Albania and Brazil, are fully ICAO9303 compliant biometric travel documents. However others, such as the United States Passport Card, are not. Biometric passports have protection mechanisms to avoid and/or detect attacks:
What is an example of a biometric ID?
Increasingly, governments are embedding biometric technology into the physical ID. For example, new biometric passports (or e-passports or digital passports) are a combination of paper and electronic passport and contain biometric information that can be used to authenticate the identity of travelers.