What is the importance of martyrdom in Sikh?

What is the importance of martyrdom in Sikh?

Martyrdom is a fundamental institution of Sikhism. Sikh festivals are largely focused on the lives of the Sikh gurus and Sikh martyrs. Their martyrdoms are regarded as instructional ideals for Sikhs, and have greatly influenced Sikh culture and practices.

Who martyred Guru Gobind Singh?

Wazir Khan sent two Pathan assassins Jamshed Khan and Wasil Beg to attack the Guru during his sleep at Nanded, the Guru’s resting place. They stabbed Guru Gobind Singh in his sleep. The Guru killed Jamshed, the attacker, with his sword, while other Sikh brothers killed Beg.

When was Guru Gobind Singh martyred?

7 October 1708
The Guru died of his wounds a few days later on 7 October 1708 His death fuelled a long and bitter war of the Sikhs with the Mughals.

Who was the first Sikh martyr?

Guru Arjan
Guru Arjan, 1563-1606 Guru Arjan was the fifth Sikh Guru and the first Sikh martyr: he gave up his life for the Sikh people.

What martyred means?

1 : a person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a religion. 2 : a person who sacrifices something of great value and especially life itself for the sake of principle a martyr to the cause of freedom.

Which Sikh gurus were killed?

Two Sikh leaders, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur, were executed by order of the reigning Mughal emperor on grounds of political opposition. The 10th and last Guru, Gobind Singh, before his death (1708) declared the end of the succession of personal Gurus.

Who killed Guru Gobind Singh Upsc?

Mughal assassin
Guru Gobind Singh was killed by a Mughal assassin in 1708, a year after the death of Aurangzeb. He named Guru Granth Sahib, the religious text of the Khalsas and the Sikhs, as the next Guru of the two communities.

Why was Arjun Dev killed?

The traditional Sikh account states that the Mughal emperor Jahangir demanded a fine of 200,000 rupees and demanded that Guru Arjan erase some of the hymns in the text that he found offensive. The Guru refused to remove the lines and pay the fine, which state the Sikh accounts, led to his execution.