What is the IP joint of the thumb?

What is the IP joint of the thumb?

Interphalangeal Joint (IP) The IP joint in thumb is located at the tip of the finger just before the fingernail starts. The terminal extensor tendon in the thumb comes from the extensor pollicis longus muscle. The radial and ulnar collateral ligaments are important to provide stability of the fingertip during pinching.

What is arthrodesis of the thumb?

THUMB INTERPHALANGEAL ARTHRODESIS Arthrodesis of the thumb interphalangeal joint is the preferred surgical procedure in managing painful arthritis, fixed deformity, burn contracture, or instability. Similar to metacarpophalangeal joint arthrodesis, multiple fixation methods have been reported.

What type of joint is the IP joint?

The interphalangeal joints are uniaxial (hinge) joints supported on the palmar side by a thick volar plate and laterally and medially by the collateral and accessory collateral ligaments. The volar plate and collateral ligaments are attached, adding to the stability of the joint.

What is arthrodesis interphalangeal joint?

Abstract. Introduction: Arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) is an accepted operative procedure to treat osteoarthritis, instability and joint deformity. There is a wide spectrum of recommended operative techniques including cerclage wires, headless screws, bio-resorbable pins and lag screws.

Does the thumb have a PIP and DIP joint?

Each of the digits, except the thumb, has three phalanges with three hinged joints: distal interphalangeal (DIP), proximal interphalangeal (PIP), and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) (figure 1), with a fingernail at the dorsal end (figure 2 and picture 1 and figure 3). The thumb is discussed below (see ‘Thumb anatomy’ below).

What does arthrodesis mean in medical terms?

Arthrodesis refers to the fusion of two or more bones in a joint. In this process, the diseased cartilage is removed, the bone ends are cut off, and the two bone ends are fused into one solid bone with metal internal fixation.

How is arthrodesis performed?

Arthrodesis, also referred to as a joint fusion, the uniting of two bones at a joint, is typically completed through surgery. In simple terms, the orthopedic surgeon manually straightens out the damaged joint, removes the cartilage, and then stabilizes the bone so that they heal together.

How many IP joints are there?

Interphalangeal joints are the articulations between consecutive phalanges of the foot. Each foot has nine interphalangeal joints: two on each of the four lateral toes and one on the big toe.

What is an IP in the hand?

Interphalangeal (IP) joints of the hand are hinge-type synovial joints between adjacent phalanges. The thumb has a single interphalangeal joint, and the second to fifth digits each have a proximal and a distal interphalangeal joint.

What is finger joint fusion?

Finger joint fusion is a surgical procedure to remove the damaged bony ends of a finger joint followed by insertion of a prosthesis to fuse the bones back together. Finger joint fusion is performed to relieve arthritis pain in the fingers.

Is thumb joint replacement surgery right for You?

They can be taken orally, intravenously, or injected right into the joint. The most common is prednisone. Surgery is not a standard treatment for those with PsA. However, if you’ve lived with psoriatic disease without diagnosis or treatment, it is possible that it has caused permanent joint damage and arthroplasty might be recommended.

What is the recovery time for a finger joint fusion?

reaction to the anesthesia

  • infection
  • nerve damage
  • nonunion
  • What is thumb fusion?

    With a thumb joint fusion, the affected joint is cut out and the ends of the bones are then fused together into one solid piece of bone. Even if this one happens to relieve any pain, it presents a big problem: it eliminates all movement in the joint. Think of how much you move your thumb day in and day out.

    What is thumb fusion surgery?

    – Total Joint Replacement – This is also known as arthroplasty. – Fusion (Arthrodesis) – Arthrodesis eliminates pain by fusing the bones in the joint together. – Ligament Reconstruction – This procedure stabilizes the ( carpometacarpal joint) CMC joint by removing a portion of the damaged ligament and replacing it with a piece of the patient’s wrist