*Marina S. Rodrigues AlmeidaPsychologist, Pedagoa and PsychopedagogueCRP 06 / 41029-6*

## Concept

**Mathematics**: * Science that investigates through deductive reasoning, the relationships between abstract entities such as numbers, geometric figures, etc., and the properties of these entities.*

*(Sérgio Ximenes - Portuguese Language Dictionary)*

## History

Mathematics, which had arisen in ancient times for the necessities of everyday life, has become an immense system of varied and extensive disciplines. Like other sciences, it reflects social laws and serves as a powerful tool for knowledge of the world and mastery of nature.

Even with a superficial knowledge of mathematics, it is possible to recognize certain features that characterize it: abstraction, precision, rigor, logic, character, irrefutable of its conclusions, as well as the extensive field of its applications.

But the vitality of mathematics is also due to the fact that, despite its abstract character, its concepts and results originate in the real world and find many applications in other sciences and in many practical aspects of daily life: in industry, in commerce. and in the technological area. On the other hand, sciences such as physics, chemistry and astronomy have an essential tool in mathematics.

In other areas of knowledge, such as sociology, psychology, anthropology, medicine, political economy, although its use is less than in the so-called exact sciences, it is also an important subsidy due to the concepts, languages and attitudes it helps to develop.

In its origin, mathematics was constituted from a collection of isolated rules, derived from experience and directly connected with daily life. It was not, therefore, a logically unified system.

## Mathematics and the construction of citizenship

The role that Mathematics plays in the basic formation of the Brazilian citizen guides these Parameters. Talking about basic citizenship education means talking about the insertion of people in the world of work, social relations and culture within the Brazilian society.

The plurality of ethnic groups in Brazil, which gives rise to different ways of life, values, beliefs and knowledge, presents mathematics education as an interesting challenge. Thus, a Mathematics curriculum should seek to contribute, on the one hand, to the appreciation of socio-cultural plurality, preventing the process of submission in confrontation with other cultures; on the other, create conditions for the student to transcend a way of life restricted to a particular social space and become active in the transformation of their environment.

Understanding and decision-making on political and social issues also depends on reading and interpreting complex, often contradictory information that includes statistical data and indexes released by the media. That is, to exercise citizenship, it is necessary to know how to calculate, measure, reason, argue, treat information statistically, etc.

To this end, the teaching of mathematics will contribute as methodologies that prioritize the creation of strategies, proof, justification, argumentation, critical thinking, and favor creativity, collective work, personal initiative and autonomy are explored. from the development of confidence in one's ability to know and meet challenges.

It is important to highlight that mathematics should be seen by the student as a knowledge that can favor the development of his reasoning, expressive capacity, aesthetic sensitivity and imagination.