Which of the following is the best definition of Nonconsequentialism?
Nonconsequentialism is a type of normative ethical theory that denies that the rightness or wrongness of our conduct is determined solely by the goodness or badness of the consequences of our acts or of the rules to which those acts conform.
Which of the following is an argument in favor of the divine command theory?
Which of the following is an argument in favor of the divine command theory? God is all-knowing.
Which of the following is an example of a consequentialist theories?
Two examples of consequentialism are utilitarianism and hedonism. Utilitarianism judges consequences by a “greatest good for the greatest number” standard. Hedonism, on the other hand, says something is “good” if the consequence produces pleasure or avoids pain.
What is an example of utilitarianism?
When individuals are deciding what to do for themselves alone, they consider only their own utility. For example, if you are choosing ice cream for yourself, the utilitarian view is that you should choose the flavor that will give you the most pleasure.
What is the aim of egoism?
Egoism can be a descriptive or a normative position. Psychological egoism, the most famous descriptive position, claims that each person has but one ultimate aim: her own welfare. Ethical egoism claims I morally ought to perform some action if and only if, and because, performing that action maximizes my self-interest.
What is the problem with the divine command theory?
Other criticisms of divine command theory include: Religious scriptures are generally ancient and are hard to interpret against the complexities of today’s society. As a result, religion as an ethical system does not provide specific ethical guidance to specific ethical dilemmas.
What are the two claims of the euthyphro dilemma?
The Euthyphro Dilemma is a philosophical problem concenred with a view of morality related to theism. The Euthyphro Dilemma asks: do the gods love good action because it is good, or is good action good because it is loved by the gods? The problem comes from Plato’s Euthyphro, and is asked by Socrates to Euthyphro.
What are teleological theories of ethics?
Teleological ethics, (teleological from Greek telos, “end”; logos, “science”), theory of morality that derives duty or moral obligation from what is good or desirable as an end to be achieved. …
Which of the following represents a challenge to divine command theory?
Answer: Divine command theoryWhich of the following represents a challenge to the voluntarist option of divine command theory? Answer: God’s commands have no basis in reason.
What is meant by divine command theory?
Roughly, Divine Command Theory is the view that morality is somehow dependent upon God, and that moral obligation consists in obedience to God’s commands. …
Why is utilitarianism an objectivist or relativist theory?
Utilitarianism is objectivist because all people should consider their own happiness first. Utilitarianism is relative because the good is proportionate to the individual’s intention. Utilitarianism is objectivist because although people might act in different ways, they all have one goal: to maximize utility.
What are the three types of egoism?
Egoism is a philosophical theory in ethics, which has at least three subtypes, descriptive egoism, normative egoism and conditional egoism.
Why is egoism unique ethical theories?
Ethical egoism is the normative ethical position that moral agents ought to act in their own self-interest. It differs from psychological egoism, which claims that people can only act in their self-interest. Ethical egoism contrasts with ethical altruism, which holds that moral agents have an obligation to help others.
What is a presumed strength of divine command theory?
What is a presumed strength of Divine Command Theory? There is a standard above human reasoning. For a Divine Command Theorist, the demand of a higher authority can be mitigated by human self-interest, concern for consequences, or human motivations.
Why is egoism considered a relativist theory of ethics?
1 Why is egoism considered a relativist theory of ethics? Because it maintains that what is good applies to everyone equally. Because it maintains that humans are not inherently selfish. Because it maintains that there are universal truths most people agree on.