Who discovered blues?
The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by Black women such as Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is known as classic blues. Ma Rainey (centre) and her band, 1923.
What defines Ragtime?
1 : rhythm characterized by strong syncopation in the melody with a regularly accented accompaniment in stride-piano style. 2 : music having ragtime rhythm.
How many chords are needed to make a blues?
What is the main rhythm trait of ragtime?
A style of popular music that flourished from the mid-1890s to 1918. Its main identifying trait is its ragged—i.e., syncopated—rhythm. While today it is most commonly thought of as a piano style, during the ragtime period the term also referred to other instrumental music, to vocal music, and to dance.
What are the 3 blues chords?
A common type of three-chord song is the simple twelve-bar blues used in blues and rock and roll. Typically, the three chords used are the chords on the tonic, subdominant, and dominant (scale degrees I, IV and V): in the key of C, these would be the C, F and G chords.
What is the horizontal guitar called that is used in blues?
Lap steel guitar
What makes a song a rag?
So what makes a rag a rag? Ragtime is a musical form or style that is defined as a syncopated melody (usually in 2/4 time) over a regular, march tempo bass line. Improvisation was common but little of that aspect has been preserved.
How many styles of blues are there?
7 Blues styles
What is the most common form of the blues?
Who created blues?
Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs, and spirituals.
Why is the Delta Blues given that name?
Delta blues is one of the earliest-known styles of blues. It originated in the Mississippi Delta, and is regarded as a regional variant of country blues. Vocal styles in Delta blues range from introspective and soulful to passionate and fiery.
What is blue tonality?
Blues follows harmonic conventions that are quite different from those of European common-practice tonality. Blues does not fit into major or minor tonality, and it makes heavy use of harmonic intervals considered by tonal theory to be dissonant. But blues listeners do not experience the music as dissonant.
What are the two main types of blues music?
Mississippi is considered the birthplace of the blues, and two distinct styles developed in the region—Delta blues and hill country blues.
Which is older jazz or blues?
Many believe jazz came out of the blues, or that jazz has its roots in the blues. Both jazz and blues originated in the deep south around the end of the 19th century. The blues came out of the African-American communities, from their work songs, spirituals, field chants and hollers.
What are the basic blues chords?
The standard 12-bar blues progression has three chords in it – the 1 chord, the 4 chord, and then the 5 chord. In the key of E blues, the 1 chord is an E, the 4 chord is an A, and the 5 chord is a B. Let’s talk about blues rhythm.
Which type of music did electric blues influence?
It was widely adopted in the British blues boom of the 1960s and led to the development of blues rock. Electric blues laid the foundations for hard rock and heavy metal, and influenced the development of rockabilly and soul music.
What are the basic elements of blues music?
Like most types of music, blues has a specific musical form with two basic components: a lyric form (or vocal form) and a harmonic form. These components work together to create what we know as blues. Most blues lyrics follow a certain formula: Each of the above three sections are four measures/bars each.
What came before Blues?
The most important American antecedent of the blues was the spiritual, a form of religious song with its roots in the camp meetings of the Great Awakening of the early 19th century. Spirituals were a passionate song form, that “convey(ed) to listeners the same feeling of rootlessness and misery” as the blues.
Who is known as the father of blues?
William Christopher Handy
What are the characteristics of ragtime music?
Ragtime — A genre of musical composition for the piano, generally in duple meter and containing a highly syncopated treble lead over a rhythmically steady bass. A ragtime composition is usually composed three or four contrasting sections or strains, each one being 16 or 32 measures in length.
What is the correct chord progression for the 12 bar blues?
The blues can be played in any key. In whatever key you are in, 12-bar blues uses the same basic sequence of I, IV, and V chords. It is most easily thought of as three 4-bar sections – the first 4, the middle 4, and the last 4 bars. The first 4 bars just use the I chord – I, I, I, I.
What did ragtime music influence?
Ragtime was an influence on early jazz; the influence of Jelly Roll Morton continued in the Harlem stride piano style of players such as James P. Johnson and Fats Waller.
What instruments were used in early blues?
The combination of instruments used in early blues music included the clarinet, drum, guitar, piano, trombone, and trumpet.
Who started the Delta blues?
What is a blues tempo?
Tempo Information The Blues is generally dance to music in a 4/4 meter between 40 and 100 beats per minute (10 and 25 measures per minute).
What tempo is 12bar blues?
Medium tempo (120 bpm)
What is a Monothematic format?
What is a monothematic format? d. the use of a single song or theme to represent a film or TV show rather than a separate theme for every character. Electronic instrumentation was used for sci-fi films in the 1950s-1960s because it was well-suited for the speakers used cinematic theaters.